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What are the main types of procurement in the construction industry?

In the ZERO-PLUS project report “Analysis of the market potential within the EU28 for “nearly zero-energy” buildings constructed using the concepts developed in the project” the main types of procurement in the construction industry are documented and...

How can costs be reduced from designing for settlement level instead of building level?

The benefits of the analysis at the settlement level arise not only from the larger scale compared to single buildings, but also, importantly, from looking at a system of houses with their interactions. This means, for instance, cost reduction through the...

What are the drivers and barriers for the construction of residential NZE buildings and settlements?

In the ZERO-PLUS project report “Market analysis of trends in the construction of residential highly energy performing buildings” a significant amount of information on barriers and drivers for the construction of highly energy efficient...

What is the Western Balkans Investment Framework?

  The Western Balkans Investment Framework (WBIF) was launched in 2009 by a coalition of institutions, donor countries and financial organisations. It aims to help the Western Balkan countries, (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo,...

How to support energy efficiency in Western Balkans?

Energy saving has been identified as strategic priority to ease energy intensity in the six countries (WB6) of the Western Balkans. The WB6 countries are members of the Energy Community, whose mission is to extend the EU internal energy...

Is there a difference between “shall” and “should” in the EPBD?

In the Energy Performance for Buildings Directive (EPBD), “shall” is used in article 9, whereas “should” is used in article 2:   Article 9 of the EPBD states that: “Member States shall ensure that by 31 December 2020, all new buildings are...

What are “infringement procedures” by the European Commission?

There are many BUILD UP news items referring to infringement, e.g.: http://www.buildup.eu/en/search/infringement   According to the EU treaties, the European Commission may take legal action – an infringement procedure – against an EU...

Revision of the EPBD - What could change regarding the inspection of heating and air conditioning systems?

In the European Commission's proposal for a revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, released on 30 November 2016, substantial changes are proposed as regards the inspection of heating and air conditioning systems.   The...

What are the steps to build “smart” and how can we measure the smartness of a building?

Building smart involves the following steps:   building according to the local climate by exploiting passive design measures to increase energy efficiency in an integrated design; adequate and resource oriented integration of technical...

Are there at present in the context of Horizon 2020 projects dealing with innovation in smart buildings?

Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020). Under Horizon 2020 there are 3 types of actions supported: research, demonstration and market uptake...