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Is there a difference between “shall” and “should” in the EPBD?

In the Energy Performance for Buildings Directive (EPBD), “shall” is used in article 9, whereas “should” is used in article 2:   Article 9 of the EPBD states that: “Member States shall ensure that by 31 December 2020, all new buildings are nearly zero-energy...

What are “infringement procedures” by the European Commission?

There are many BUILD UP news items referring to infringement, e.g.: http://www.buildup.eu/en/search/infringement   According to the EU treaties, the European Commission may take legal action – an infringement procedure – against an EU Member State that...

Revision of the EPBD - What could change regarding the inspection of heating and air conditioning systems?

In the European Commission's proposal for a revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, released on 30 November 2016, substantial changes are proposed as regards the inspection of heating and air conditioning systems.   The...

What are the steps to build “smart” and how can we measure the smartness of a building?

Building smart involves the following steps:   building according to the local climate by exploiting passive design measures to increase energy efficiency in an integrated design; adequate and resource oriented integration of technical...

Are there at present in the context of Horizon 2020 projects dealing with innovation in smart buildings?

Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020). Under Horizon 2020 there are 3 types of actions supported: research, demonstration and market uptake...

What are the keys to decarbonising Europe’s heating and cooling ?

5 factors are holding back the energy transition to a zero emissions Europe by 2050, writes Thomas Nowak.   The way we use energy in our society needs to change if we want to keep global warming well below 2°C, as stipulated at COP21 in...

What can be said about a smartness indicator?

As part of the proposals released by the European Commission on November 30 2016, the introduction of a ‘smartness indicator’ is foreseen.   With respect to the features of this smartness indicator, the following description is provided...

What kind of financial tools will the EU offer to encourage deep renovation?

The European Commission aims to encourage a more effective use of public funds, help project developers bring good project ideas to maturity, and make the energy efficiency market more trusted and attractive for all stakeholders through...

The 2016 Commission’s winter package - What is the investment plan?

The European Commission complements the measures it is taking to reach its 2030 targets with the “Smart Finance for Smart Buildings” investment initiative. It aims to encourage a more effective use of public funds, help project developers...

The 2016 Commission’s winter package - Does it address energy poverty?

Energy poverty is a major challenge across the EU, and has its root in low incomes and energy inefficient housing. The winter package presents a new approach to protect vulnerable consumers.   The Commission's energy efficiency proposals...