The Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK), through its REET and PAM-SE research units, will be coordinating the European project EDen (High Energy Density Mg-based Metal Hydrides Storage System) on hydrogen storage in novel materials. This is a scientific program that started in October and that could mark a turning point in the use of hydrogen as an energy source for homes.
The aim, which will be pursued together with other six European partners, combining research organizations and businesses, is to be able to store this gas in a magnesium-based, solid state material able to capture and retain hydrogen atoms on its surface. This way, since it won't be necessary to store hydrogen in pressurized containers, storage safety will be increased. In a small sized container holding just a few liters, one could obtain a hydrogen build-up that can provide enough energy for a home for a 24-hour period, both from an electrical and thermal standpoint, and make it available depending on the user's needs. A special feature of this project will be the development of an integrated system that will include the possibility of generating energy by exploiting renewable sources like the sun and the wind. “In the medium and long run - explains Luigi Crema, a researcher with the REET (Renewable Energy and Environmental Technologies) Unit at FBK's Center for Materials and Microsystems and project coordinator - storage systems, especially for small scale solutions, will be a decisive element for the introduction and spread of sustainable renewable-source-based technologies”. Togehter with the REET Unit, headed by Alessandro Bozzoli, that will be in charge of developing the container for the hydrogen, the PAM-SE (Plasma, Advanced Materials and Surface Engineering) Unit, whose Head is Nadhira Laidani, will be participating in the project. The role of PAM-SE will be the development and optimization of an innovative material to enhance the storage and release of hydrogen by the base magnesium-based material. The three-year project will receive funding for nearly one and a half million euros from the EU, of which over 500 thousand euros will be allocated to FBK. The research partners coordinated by the Fondazione Bruno Kessler are MBN Nanomaterialia SPA (Italy), Cidete Ingenieros SL (Spain), Matres SCRL (Italy), Panco GmbH (Germany), Universidad de la Laguna (Spain), EU Joint Research Centre – Institute for Energy and Transport (Netherlands).