Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency

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Full text (English version) of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), as published in the Official Journal of the EU on 14 November 2012.


The Directive brings forward legally binding measures to step up Member States’ efforts to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain – from the transformation of energy and its distribution to its final consumption. Measures include the legal obligation to establish energy efficiency obligations schemes or policy measures in all Member States. These will drive energy efficiency improvements in households, industries and transport sectors. Other measures include an exemplary role to be played by the public sector and a right for consumers to know how much energy they consume.

The Energy Efficiency Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the Union, in order to ensure the achievement of the Union’s 2020 20% headline target on energy efficiency and to pave the way for further energy efficiency improvements beyond that date.


The Directive lays down rules designed to remove barriers in the energy market and overcome market failures that impede efficiency in the supply and use of energy, and provides for the establishment of indicative national energy efficiency targets for 2020. The requirements laid down in the Directive are minimum requirements and do not prevent any Member State from maintaining or introducing more stringent measures.


Among the Directive's provisions included in specific articles are:


  • Energy efficiency targets
  • Building renovation
  • The exemplary role of public buildings
  • Energy efficiency obligation schemes
  • Energy audits and energy management systems
  • Metering and Billing information and access to these
  • Consumer information and empowerement



  • Promotion of efficiency in heating and cooling
  • Energy transformation, transmission and distribution



  • Availability of qualification, accreditation and certification schemes
  • Information and training
  • Energy services
  • Other measures to promote energy efficiency
  • Energy Efficiency National Fund, Financing and Technical Support


Implementation foresees that by 30 April each year as from 2013, Member States shall report on the progress achieved towards national energy efficiency targets. By 30 April 2014, and every three years thereafter, Member States shall submit National Energy Efficiency Action Plans, covering significant energy efficiency improvement measures and expected and/or achieved energy savings, including those in the supply, transmission and distribution of energy as well as energy end-use, in view of achieving the national energy efficiency targets. The National Energy Efficiency Action Plans shall be complemented with updated estimates of expected overall primary energy consumption in 2020, as well as estimated levels of primary energy consumption in specific sectors.


The text of the Directive in all languages can be found at:


The English version of the Directive can be found at: