Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) is the International Energy Agency’s most ambitious publication on new developments in energy technology. It demonstrates how technologies – from electric vehicles to smart grids – can make a decisive difference in achieving the objective of limiting the global temperature rise to 2°C and enhancing energy security. ETP 2012 presents scenarios and strategies to 2050, with the aim of guiding decision makers on energy trends and what needs to be done to build a clean, secure and competitive energy future.
ETP 2012 shows:
• Current progress on clean energy deployment, and what can be done to accelerate it
• How energy security and low carbon energy are linked
• How energy systems will become more complex in the future, why systems integration is beneficial and how it can be achieved
• How demand for heating and cooling will evolve dramatically and which solutions will satisfy it
• Why flexible electricity systems are increasingly important, and how a system with smarter grids, energy storage and flexible generation can work
• Why hydrogen could play a big role in the energy system of the future
• Why fossil fuels will not disappear but will see their roles change, and what it means for the energy system as a whole
• What is needed to realise the potential of carbon capture and storage (CCS)
• Whether available technologies can allow the world to have zero energy related emissions by 2075 – which seems a necessary condition for the world to meet the 2°C target Global scenarios to 2050 are the backbone of ETP, and the 2012 edition features detailed scenarios for nine world regions.
""""" Energy efficiency must achieve its potential. It is difficult to overstate the importance of energy efficiency, which is nearly always cost effective in the long run, helps cut emissions and enhances energy security. Energy efficiency must help reduce the energy intensity (measured as energy input per unit of gross domestic product [GDP]) of the global economy by two-thirds by 2050; annual improvements in energy intensity must double, from 1.2% over the last 40 years to 2.4 % in the coming four decades. Yet, a lack of incentives and a number of non-economic barriers continue to block broader uptake. Application of more stringent performance standards and codes will be necessary, particularly in the buildings and transport sectors. In this regard, information and energy management are proven and effective ways to encourage energy efficiency measures in industry. Economic incentives will be essential to unlock the energy efficiency potential and scale up private finance, but non-economic barriers must also be overcome.