Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL amending Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency - COM(2016) 761 final
This European Commission proposal for a revised Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) puts into practice the key element of the Energy Union: "Energy efficiency first!" The proposal is part of EC's new Clean Energy package, which was released on 30 November 2016.
According to the proposal, the cheapest energy, the cleanest energy, the most secure energy is the energy that is not used at all. Energy efficiency needs to be considered as a source of energy in its own right. It is one of the most cost effective ways to support the transition to a low carbon economy and to create growth, employment and investment opportunities.
The European Union legal framework was constructed around an energy efficiency target of 20% for 2020 – this now needs to be reset with a 2030 perspective, following the European Council's agreement in 2014 on a target of at least 27% for 2030 to be reviewed by 2020 having in mind a 30% target, and the Parliament's resolution calling for a 40% binding target.
This proposal sets a 30% binding energy efficiency target for 2030 at EU level. This will give Member States and investors a long term perspective to plan their policies and investments and to adapt their strategies towards energy efficiency. Such a target represents a drop in final energy consumption of 17% compared to 2005. It will increase economic growth, leading to an increase in GDP of around 0.4% (€70 billion).
To further empower consumers as key players in the energy market, the Commission proposes to improve the provision of information on their heating and cooling consumption and strengthen their rights in metering and billing of thermal energy, in particular for people living in multi-apartment buildings. In order to improve frequency of information, an obligation for heat meters to be remotely readable is introduced.
Furthermore, the proposal extends beyond 2020 the energy saving obligation while retaining the rate of 1.5% and the possibility to use both energy efficiency obligation schemes and alternative measures. This keeps fully the existing flexibility for Member States in how they implement the savings obligation, in accordance with their policy environment and market conditions. This provision is central for achieving the Union's energy and climate objectives, as around half of the additional savings that are needed to achieve a 30% energy efficiency target in 2030 are expected to come from its extension beyond 2020.
The proposal strengthens the social aspects of energy efficiency by requiring that energy poverty must be taken into account in designing energy efficiency obligation schemes and alternative measures. The decrease in energy bills will also be of particular benefit to the most vulnerable consumers
The proposal includes several amendments and replacements of the existing EED Articles, as well as insertions of new Articles.
For further information or to download the document, please visit the relevant European Commission webpages at the links below.