This Staff Working Document contains the Impact Assessment of the revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) and accompanies the Proposal for a revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, which is included in the European Commission's new Clean Energy package, released on 30 November 2016.
The evaluation of the EPBD shows clear progress in improving the efficiency of the buildings sector. Nevertheless, the transformation of the existing building stock is proceeding at a relatively slow pace and there is still considerable potential for additional cost-effective energy savings by 2030. The basic problem is that a significant part of this potential will not be realised under ‘business as usual’, as a large number of cost-effective investments in energy efficiency in buildings will not take place. The EU should therefore intervene now to support further the removal of specific barriers to energy efficiency and renewable energy in buildings which fall within the scope of the EPBD.
In order to achieve the desired objective, the following options were considered:
- no change;
- simplification measures;
- Option I: Enhanced implementation and further guidance;
- Option II: Enhanced implementation with targeted amendments to strengthen current provisions; and
- Option III: Enhanced implementation and revision beyond the current intervention logic and level of subsidiarity
The preferred option is Option II, together with simplification measures. This is the option best aligned with the outcome and findings of the evaluation and with the existing framework. It introduces significant improvements to the EPBD and the overall regulatory framework for improving the energy performance of buildings, while allowing a high degree of flexibility for implementation at national level.
Impacts of the preferred option
- The preferred option promises to reduce annual final energy use by 28 Mtoe by 2030, representing a reduction of 38 Mt of CO2 emissions. As a proportion of EU GDP, total final energy used would decrease by 0.3 percentage points by 2030. Between 515 000 and 3.2 million households (of a total of 23.3 million) would be taken out of energy poverty.
- This option will also contribute to the competitiveness of European industry (in particular as regards insulation and flat glass), increasing the value of the EU market by EUR 23.8 billion by 2030 and creating a EUR 80-120 billion renovation market for SMEs. It will also generate about 220 000 additional jobs (as compared with the reference scenario) by 2030.
- It is estimated that the preferred option will lead to additional energy-related construction activity (roof insulation, window replacement, building system upgrades, etc.) worth EUR 47.6 billion by 2030. However, only EUR 1-4 billion of this will be directly required by the measures in question. Ultimately, this will correspond to a EUR 24-36 billion reduction in the annual energy expenditure of businesses and households.
- Of the companies in the construction sector, 99 % are SMEs. The preferred option creates new business opportunities, in particular as regards building renovation, boosting demand for energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies and systems. To take full advantage of the new opportunities of a larger renovation market, SMEs would need to upskill their on-site workers. However, construction product manufacturers and distributors often provide training and in most countries there is also financial support (from EU and national funds) for upskilling construction workers.
For further information or to download the document, please visit the relevant European Commission webpages at the links below.