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Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) Status Report in Mediterranean countries

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This report is a deliverable of the Zero Energy MEDiterranean Schools (ZEMedS) project, which focuses on renovating schools from EU regions on the Mediterranean coast. The document presents the current situation in 4 Mediterranean countries (France, Greece, Italy and Spain) regarding the nearly zero-energy building (nZEB) approach and current situation of school buildings.


Schools represent an important part of the building stock. In the Mediterranean regions of Italy, Greece, Spain and France, there are around 87,000 schools. Furthermore, the nZEB standard is achieved by combining high energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. High energy efficiency has been widely developed for North‐Centre European climates. However, the Mediterranean climate in relation to low energy consuming buildings has not been deeply studied, although it represents the 17% of the EU‐27 population (86 million people).


The report includes the following chapters, analysing the situation in each of the 4 aforementioned countries:


  • nZEB Starting point (nZEB definition, Standards and roadmaps, Current energy requirements)
  • School buildings (Actions involved, Building typologies, Energy consumption)
  • Costs and financing
  • Mediterranean specificities
  • Successful stories
  • Conclusions   



The ZEMEDS project is co-funded by the European Union under the Intelligent Energy Europe Programme.


To download the report, please visit the relevant ZEMedS website