Buildings differ a lot across Europe as they depend on the culture, the climate, the construction materials available, the differing legal frameworks and the economic development. Considering the differences, it is not suitable to have a common approach at EU level. The Energy Performance of Building Directive (EPBD) therefore states the objectives and principles, but it is left to Member States to determine the concrete requirements, performance levels and ways of implementation.
On 18 May 2010 a recast of EPBD (2002/91/EC) was adopted in order to clarify, strengthen and extend the scope of the Directive, and to reduce the large differences between Member states' practices in this sector.
The recast prescribes that all new buildings must be nearly zero-energy buildings by 31 December 2020, that Member States should set intermediate targets for 2015, and that new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities have to be nearly zero-energy buildings after 31 December 2018.
The purpose of this paper is to focus on the transpose of EPBD into national legislation, presenting in brief some national plans and general recommendations regarding energy use in buildings.
This, and other NorthPass results reports can be uploaded from the project website www.northpass.eu