Practices

Covenant of Mayors Investment Forum

Financing energy efficiency in the public sector took a big step with the Covenant of Mayors Investment Forum. This forum gathered more than 550 representatives from local authorities, industry and financial institutions to discuss the key success...

OVERVIEW | Covenant of Mayors Investment Forum: Matching local scale action with long term objectives and financing

The Covenant of Mayors Investment Forum was first launched in 2014. In February 2019 a two-day event was held in which significant achievements and challenges in the evolution of this initiative were reviewed. Over 700 participants gathered for the...

Selection of (Green) Roof Systems: A Sustainability-Based Multi-Criteria Analysis

A wide diffusion of green envelopes in cities can be an opportunity to improve urban environment conditions and reduce negative effects of climate change.   The green roof system is a widespread solution adopted all over the world due to...

Statement of the Architects’ Council of Europe (ACE) - Designing for a Circular Economy

An ambitious implementation of circular economy principles in the building and construction sectors requirestheinvolvement and collaboration of all stakeholders, from the construction materials and building components manufacturers to...

Ensuring successful replicability in EE renovation business schemes

This document is one of the report of the H2020 project STUNNING “SusTainable bUsiNess models for the deep reNovation of buIldiNGs”, running from October 2017 to September 2019   The deliverable will focus on providing solutions...

Occupant-centric Building Design and Operation EBC ANNEX 79 - factsheet

As building envelopes and mechanical and electrical equipment become more efficient, the impact of occupants on building energy increases.   Meanwhile, trends in teleworking, co-working and home-sharing mean vastly different occupancy than...

Evaluation of natural-based internal insulation systems in historic buildings through a holistic approach

Historic buildings are defining elements of city centres but also responsible for a large share of greenhouse gas emissions. In order to reduce their energy demand, it is important to improve envelopes’ thermal transmittance without...

How energy audits promote SMEs’ energy efficiency investment

This paper assesses the impact of energy audits on the implementation of energy efficiency investments by SMEs, interactions with financial constraints, and how energy audits can be promoted. Energy audits play an important role in...
This publication presents EIB Investment Survey data about energy audits and energy-efficiency investments of some 12,500 signatures from EU28 Member States per year.   It suggests that:   - Energy audits are a useful tool for overcoming...

METIS Studies: Cost-efficient district heating development

In 2012, district heating covered 9% of the EU’s heat demand. Nearly 70% of all energy used for district heat generation were gas and coal.   However, district heating allows to decarbonise heat generation via the integration of...
METIS is a mathematical model providing analysis of the European energy system.   It simulates the operation of energy systems and markets on an hourly basis over a year, while factoring in uncertainties like weather...

Clean energy for all Europeans

Based on Commission proposals published in November 2016, the Clean energy for all Europeans package consists of eight legislative acts. After political agreement by the Council and the European Parliament in 2018 and early 2019, these...