Calculation, simulation

Typical Meteorological Year data sets for building energy performance

This article presents a method to generate Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) data sets for use in calculations of the energy performance of buildings, based on satellite derived solar radiation data and other meteorological...

Benchmarks for environmental impact of housing in Europe: archetypes and LCA of the residential building stock

The study describes the results of a full LCA applied to 24 statistically-based dwelling archetypes, representative of the EU housing stock in 2010.   The aim is to quantify the average environmental impacts related to...

Typical Meteorological Year data sets for building energy performance

This article presents a method to generate Typical Meteorological Year (TMY) data sets for use in calculations of the energy performance of buildings, based on satellite derived solar radiation data and other...

Benchmarks for environmental impact of housing in Europe: archetypes and LCA of the residential building stock

The study describes the results of a full LCA applied to 24 statistically-based dwelling archetypes, representative of the EU housing stock in 2010.   The aim is to quantify the average environmental impacts...

Energy Savings Scenarios 2050, a study commissioned by The Coalition for Energy Savings

As part of its internal reflection on the development of a 2050 Energy Efficiency Vision, the Coalition for Energy Savings has commissioned Fraunhofer ISI to assess the potential for energy savings by 2050 under...

On the Evolution and Application of the Thermal Network Method for Energy Assessments in Buildings

This paper describes the evolution of the thermal network and its applications for making simplified thermal models of buildings by means of thermal resistances (R) and capacitances (C). In the literature, there are several modelling...

Energy and thermal comfort management in a smart building facilitating a microgrid optimization

Efficient energy operation of microgrids that include a localized group of controllable loads with distributed energy resources (DERs) requires the development of energy management systems (EMSs) with the ability of controlling the loads...

The adjacent walls effects in simplified thermal model of buildings

The thermal network method is a reliable approach to study the thermal performance of buildings. It is able to simulate the indoor temperature, heating and cooling loads by means of a set of ordinary differential equations. In this work, a...

Coupling Building Thermal Network and Control System, the First Step to Smart Buildings

Buildings are one of the main energy consumer and carbon emission sources in European countries. Population growth in cities may be effective for economic growth, but by considering overpopulated cities, making new efficient buildings and...

What is a Nearly zero energy building? Overview, implementation and comparison of definitions

This paper focuses on the definition of Nearly zero energy buildings (NZEBs) that represent one of the greatest opportunities to increase energy savings in Europe. As this term appears to be subject to different interpretations, the paper...