Throughout the world, there is an increasing interest in ecological design of buildings, and natural ventilation has proved to be the most efficient low-energy cooling technique. Its practical application, however, is hindered by the lack of information on the complex relationship between the building and its urban environment. In this book, a team of experts provide first-hand information and tools on the efficient use of natural ventilation in urban buildings. Key design principles are explained, enabling readers to decide on the best solution for natural ventilation of buildings, taking into account climate and urban context.
In the initial sketches, architects need answers to open problems such as 'what kind of solution to adopt' and 'how to modify existing strategies to exploit the potential of the site'. This book formalizes the multi-criteria analysis of candidate solutions based on quantitative and qualitative estimation of the driving forces (wind and buoyancy), as well as of the barriers induced by the urban environment (wind speed reduction, noise and pollution) and gives a methodology for optimal design of openings.
The book is accompanied by a FREE CD, containing software for assessing the potential of a given site, estimating wind speed and dimensioning the openings for natural ventilation. The methodologies and tools are tested, self-contained and user friendly.
Energy in the Urban Built Environment: The Role of Natural Ventilation
The Role of Ventilation
The Physics of Natural Ventilation
Wind and Temperature in the Urban Environment
Noise Level and Natural Ventilation Potential in Street Canyons
Outdoor-Indoor Pollutant Transfer
Strategies for Natural Ventilation
Specific Devices for Natural Ventilation
The Design of Optimal Openings
Natural Ventilation Potential
Whole Life Costing of Ventilation Options