Climate change is one of the most serious challenges facing our world today. Its effects are being felt on all continents and are predicted to become more intense in the coming decades. These changes have the power to transform our world, affecting our environment, health, food and water supplies and pose threats to global security and stability. Although 195 countries agreed in the Paris Agreement of 2015 to tackle climate change by limiting global warming to ‘well below’ 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C, the average global temperature continues to increase.
At the same time, awareness of climate change and the need for action is increasingly widespread. One of the largest demonstrations of this in recent times is the youth movement for climate that has garnered strong support in countries around the world.
This latest edition of the report covers four main areas:
- Perceptions of climate change: where climate change ranks alongside other global challenges, and how serious the problem of climate change is considered to be;
- Taking action on climate change: who has primary responsibility for addressing the problem, and personal steps taken to help tackle climate change;
- Attitudes to actions to fight climate change, the transition to clean energy and reducing fossil fuel imports;
- Looking to the future: whether national governments should set targets for renewable energy; whether they should support energy efficiency; and the level of agreement that the EU economy should be made climate-neutral by 2050.
This survey was carried out by Kantar in the 28 Member States of the European Union between 9 and 26 April 2019. 27,655 respondents from different social and demographic groups were interviewed face-to-face at home in their mother tongue on behalf of the Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG CLIMA).