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Buildings and Energy Data Frameworks: University College London (UCL) Energy Institute

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The overall aim of the EPSRC funded Building and Energy Data Frameworks project was to help produce greatly improved data on the building stock of Britain - both domestic and non-domestic - and its uses of energy. The UK Government is committed to reducing the country's carbon emissions to 20% of their present levels by 2050. A great part of this is to be achieved through greater efficiency and new low-carbon technologies in buildings (as well as through decarbonisation of the energy supply system).

Most future national low carbon scenarios incorporate considerable reduction in energy demand. Consequently most countries are now planning significant demand reduction programmes. Delivering this transformation will require a raft of effective technology and policy interventions. These interventions to reduce energy demand require comprehensive empirical observations and evaluation within a robust methodology framework.

The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) is in the process of developing and supporting energy and buildings ‘data frameworks', these are the Homes Energy Efficiency Database (HEED) and the National Energy Efficiency Data Framework (NEED) – which incorporates HEED along with other administrative data sources. The frameworks contain data on the uses and the physical and constructional attributes of buildings and their service systems. As part of DECC’s commitment to energy and buildings research, dwellings in HEED and NEED were linked to data on electricity and gas consumption at the level of individual buildings and premises and analysed. HEED, which is administered for DECC by the Energy Saving Trust (EST), currently contains information on some 13 million dwellings.

The project used HEED linked to gas and electricity consumption data for the domestic portion of the research. This portion of the research is detailed in the report ‘Building and Energy Data Frameworks – Report on the exploratory analysis of the Homes Energy Efficiency Database and Energy Demand’.

Results of the project available at Link text