Funded by the EU's Horizon 2020 program initiative, the ABC 21 project aims to identify and document African and European bioclimatic designs and the use of local materials as methods to develop and promote sustainable and energy-efficient buildings.
Forecasts indicate that more than half of global population growth until 2050 will occur in Africa, and it will be followed by the expansion of housing and building needs. This expansion in the building sector must be based on sustainable and energy efficiency principles to mitigate global warming. New buildings should be designed following concepts that will make them robust against expected climatic changes during their lifetime. But unfortunately, the manifestation of globalisation trends in building design resulted in the adoption of inadequate design solutions for warm climate regions, which performs poorly energy-wise.
In this context, it is urgent to study the best sustainable designs for warm climate zones to unleash their market and research potential, thus popularising these concepts to a broader audience. These designs involve bioclimatic approach, low-energy cooling techniques and the use of local construction materials, some of which already exist in Africa and only need to be identified and adapted. Inspiration for such techniques may come from Nature, such as the Saharan Silver ants that provide an elegant technical solution to stay cool in the sun with their enhanced optical reflection and radiative heat dissipation capabilities. Combining these next-generation approaches with the best bioclimatic solutions will be the hallmark of the ABC 21 project.
- Identify, report and strengthen BioClimatic designs and local materials in Africa and Europe.
- Promote the exchange between Africa and Europe to enhance policy and regulations for low-cost and effective BioClimatic designs.
- Support the development of certified sustainable and cost-effective building local materials and its supply chain.
- Analyse the applicability of state-of-the-art of surface finishing’s and future weather files in innovative bioclimatic solutions
Start date: 1 September 2020 - End date: 31 August 2022