How is it possible to combine good indoor climate conditions during summer with a decrease in energy consumption?

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As has already been done for centuries before us, good indoor climate conditions during summer can be achieved through efficient use of the physical and natural conditions and sources around the building such as its position and orientation, the relief, the climate, the vegetation, the wind direction, air velocity etc. During design of the building such parameters need to be taken into account to prevent the building from overheating, by using proper materials, making efficient use of windows and openings, providing sufficient shading, night cooling, etc. Occupants should also be provided with control over their environment like for example openable windows and manual override on control systems to ensure satisfaction and increased adaptation levels during hot spills.