Building smart involves the following steps:
- building according to the local climate by exploiting passive design measures to increase energy efficiency in an integrated design;
- adequate and resource oriented integration of technical building and renewable energy systems;
- optimisation of systems by exploiting synergies through connections and load shifting opens up new potentials to increase efficiency of bigger systems such as districts or cities.
Measuring the smartness of a building involves assessing its load shifting potential by calculating how much of the thermal and electrical load can be stored over a certain period of time whilst maintaining required comfort levels.
For further information, see also Doris Österreicher’s (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna) presentation on “The role of smart buildings for energy efficiency” at the “Smart Buildings for a greener Europe: Emerging Policy and Practice” livestreamed workshop held in Malta on February 14, 2017