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EC Consultation on Sustainable Buildings: Give your opinion on reducing the environmental impact of buildings

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The European Commission is gathering views on how to reduce the environmental impacts of buildings. Buildings use a large amount of resources when they are designed, built, used and demolished, and their impact on the environment, energy consumption and climate change is significant. Improving construction techniques is therefore important to help Europe become a more sustainable economy.

The consultation asks citizens, businesses, NGOs and public authorities for ideas on how to reduce the impacts of the construction sector, make buildings more sustainable and create green opportunities for businesses.


The Commission is planning to present ideas in a future Communication on Sustainable Buildings.


The consultation is open until 1st October 2013 at:

Reference: IP/13/666


Other available languages : FR DE IT LT LV MT SK HR

Objective of the consultation:
The European Commission wants to gather views and additional information on the possible introduction of EU wide measures to achieve better environmental performance of buildings. Resource use and related environmental impacts all along the life-cycle of buildings are in the scope. The consultation puts forward questions related to the problem definition as well as to possible policy options. It looks at both demand and supply side measures. The consultation offers an opportunity to all interested parties to express their views and to provide additional information to the European Commission.

Target group(s):
Citizens and stakeholders with interest in the implementation of the EU Resource Efficiency Agenda and the environmental performance of buildings in particular.

Period of consultation:
From 09.07.2013  to 01.10.2013


The environmental impacts of buildings go beyond energy consumption for heating, cooling and lighting. In the EU, buildings account for:

  • 42 % of final energy consumption (during their use phase)

  • 35 % of greenhouse gas emissions (during use phase)

  • 50 % of all extracted materials are used in building (construction and use)

  • 30 % of water consumption (during construction and use)

  • 30 % of total generated waste (during construction, demolition and renovation).

This shows how existing EU policy initiatives in the area of environmental performance of buildings, which mainly target energy efficiency, could be complemented with policies for resource efficiency looking at a wider range of resource use and environmental impacts, across the life-cycle of buildings.

At present there are no common criteria to measure the environmental performance of buildings. This makes it difficult for stakeholders in construction to factor environmental aspects into their business and purchasing decisions.

Contributors are asked for their views on the main environmental issues for the buildings sector, availability of data, systems to assess and communicate environmental performance of buildings, how to stimulate demand, and how construction materials could be used more efficiently.