Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR)
On 20 July 2016, the European Commission presented a package of measures to accelerate the shift to low-carbon emissions in all sectors of the economy in Europe. This proposal will help Member States (MS) prepare for the future and keep Europe competitive. It is part of the EU's strategy for a resilient Energy Union with a forward looking climate policy.
In 2014, EU leaders agreed to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels across all sectors of the economy. The new proposal, known as the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR), presents binding annual GHG emission targets for MS from 2021-2030 for the transport, buildings, agriculture, waste and land use and forestry sectors (sectors of the economy that fall outside the scope of the EU Emissions Trading System - EU ETS). The objective is to achieve 30% GHG reductions in the non-ETS sectors compared to 2005, in a manner that is fair for MS, given their different capacities, while ensuring cost efficiency and environmental integrity at EU level. This proposal is the follow-up to the Effort Sharing Decision, which established national emissions targets for MS in the non-EU ETS sectors between 2013 and 2020.
The new framework is based on the principles of fairness, solidarity, cost-effectiveness and environmental integrity. MS will be at the forefront of deciding how to implement the measures to meet the agreed 2030 target.
In the EU, efforts have already started to align private investments with climate and resource-efficiency objectives. EU financial instruments are significant contributors to climate funding. Over 50% of the investments approved so far are climate-related. As part of the Investment Plan for Europe, the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) is on track to deliver on mobilising at least EUR 315 billion in additional investment in the real economy by mid-2018. In addition, the Commission actively works to ensure that EU budget spending is aligned with climate objectives. At least 20% of the current EU budget will be spent on climate action.
For further information, please visit the relevant EC webpages at the links below.