On 29 June 2016, the European Union and China signed an agreement with the aim to strengthen their energy cooperation up to 2020. In the margins of the G20 energy ministerial meeting in Beijing, the European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete, and Nur Bekri, Director of the Chinese National Energy Administration agreed on a EU-China Energy Roadmap , where both parties committed to tackle common energy and climate challenges including security of energy supply, energy infrastructure and market transparency. The roadmap constitutes a keystone in the overall strategic partnership between the EU and China in their transition to a low-carbon economy.
The agreement lays the foundations for sharing best practices with regards to energy regulation, demand and supply analysis, energy crisis, and nuclear safety, as well as grid design and the integration of renewable energy into the electricity grid.
Energy efficiency is key in this agreement, as the EU and China are committed to work on boosting energy efficient appliances and developing energy standards in consumer goods, and increasing business cooperation on eco-design methods. More specifically, in this field, the two parties agreed to:
a. Promote the production and consumption of energy-efficient appliances:
- Work towards harmonising energy labels of appliances, equipment and buildings..
b. Develop energy standards in consumer goods:
- Strengthen the cooperation on energy consumption standards for consumer goods, aiming at mutual recognition of existing and future schemes.
- Increase business cooperation in eco-design, systemic design and circular economy planning at the industrial level (manufacturing transportation, energy, food, land use).
c. Develop a market-oriented Energy Performance Contracting (EPC) system.
Moreover, the roadmap looks to foster trade and investment in renewables with the knock-on effects of boosting competition and lowering costs. It also aims to cooperation on promoting combined heat and power systems, expand the bio-gas sector and promote smart grids. More specifically, in the field of renewable energy sources, the EU and China agreed to:
a. Foster trade and investment in renewable energy, thereby reducing costs by improving competition.
b. Develop distributed generation and Combined Heat and Power (CHP):
- Jointly promote the development and the implementation of distributed energy resource systems as well as cogeneration of electricity based on renewable energy sources, in particular in less developed regions.
- Share best practices in the promotion, development and implementation of CHP production from renewable energy sources.
- Facilitate the construction of infrastructure and the development of the market for district heating and cooling and for CHP.
c. Expand the bio-gas sector:
- Exchange insights on bio-gas technologies, markets and policies.
- Further the production of methane and bio-gas, encourage the uptake of new technologies and equipment in this sector.
Finally, the two parties will also work to improve trade and investment conditions in the sector. The EU looks to support China's increased involvement in international energy institutions, and boost joint research and development technologies.
For further information, please visit the relevant DG ENERGY webpage at the link below.