The Committee emphasises the significance of what it terms the foundation, comprising a number of issues and functions that must be in order in society, in order for these goals to be achieved. These measures form an extensive and wide-ranging basis for all activities, and upholding them is fundamental to striving towards the targets set for the year 2050.
Strongest measures up to 2020 – aggregate savings with impacts of 36.4 terawatt hoursThe calculated energy saving impact of these measures totalled 36.4 terawatt hours, of which electricity savings accounted for 6.4 TWh. In addition, numerous important and impressive measures were suggested, for which precise quantitative savings effects cannot be calculated. These include measures related to changes in community structure, education, research and development, advisory services and communications.
The highest savings calculated would be achieved through new automotive technology (8.5 TWh), regulations for new building and renovation building (4.9 TWh), more challenging energy efficiency agreements (2.8 TWh), and energy performance requirements for appliances (2.1 TWh). Through these four sets of measures, all outside the emissions trading sector, one half of the savings target can be achieved. In energy-intensive industry, as a consequence of emissions trading and other measures, the estimated improvement in energy efficiency would be approximately 8 TWh in 2020.
The main focus of the Committee’s work was in non-emissions trading sectors. Community structure, buildings, traffic, households and agriculture, industry and the public and private service sector came under review.
The proposed measures represent normative control, economic steering methods, public information campaigns, education and expertise, research and development and other individual methods (e.g. energy efficiency agreements and energy audits).
Energy efficiency measures will pay for themselves as early as 2020 Energy saving will cause investment costs early in the next decade, but once the savings impacts of various measures begin to materialise, energy saving will pay for itself by the end of the next decade.
From the viewpoint of the national economy, in the assessment conducted, energy efficiency measures proved more profitable than in previous assessments, and the positive impacts of these measures will become evident sooner than previously calculated.