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Progress made on reducing energy consumption in the EU

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New EC report shows a decrease of 7% in final energy consumption and of 8% in primary energy consumption in the EU between 2005 and 2013.


On 18 November 2015, the European Commission released a report which provides an assessment of the progress made towards the national energy efficiency targets for 2020, as well as the implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU (EED). The report includes recommendations for Member States (MS) and is based on MS Annual Reports and the National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs).  


According to the report, final energy consumption decreased by 7% between 2005 and 2013 in the European Union, while primary energy consumption decreased by 8% in the same period; early estimates suggest a continuation of the decline in consumption in 2014. However, EU countries will need to do more if the 20% energy efficiency target for 2020 is to be met.


The report demonstrates that the largest cut in energy consumption was made in industry, where energy use was reduced by 15% between 2005 and 2013. This was linked to the effects of the economic crisis, changes in the structure of industry and energy efficiency measures. In the residential sector, energy consumption decreased by 3% in 2013 compared to 2005, while in the transport sector a 6% reduction was made. In the services sector, final energy consumption increased by 6% from 2005 to 2013, but the economic output of this sector increased by 11% over the same time period, which resulted in an improved energy intensity.



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