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Towards COP21: Talks at UN session in Bonn bring Parties closer and contribute in clarifying key issues

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The penultimate session of United Nations talks before the Paris climate conference in December 2015 took place from 31 August to 4 September 2015 in Bonn, Germany. The session was held in the context of the UN negotiations on a new global climate change agreement.


The meeting focused on clarifying and narrowing down the options on issues contained in the draft negotiating text. The discussions helped Parties identify areas of convergence and make progress on specific issues, such as transparency and differentiation between countries regarding emissions reductions, the dynamic review mechanism, and the notion of a common direction of travel as regards adaptation.


However, Parties also expressed frustration at the slow pace of the talks. To accelerate progress, they agreed to task the co-Chairs of the negotiations with producing, by early October, a working document which is expected to provide a basis for textual negotiations on the new agreement and accompanying immediate decisions.


The last negotiating session before the Paris conference will take place in Bonn from 19 to 23 October 2015.



EU vision for the new agreement


The European Union wants Paris to deliver a robust international agreement that fulfils the following key criteria. This agreement must:


  • create a common legal framework that applies to all countries;
  • include clear, fair and ambitious targets for all countries based on evolving global economic and national circumstances;
  • regularly review and strengthen countries' targets in light of the below 2 degrees goal;
  • hold all countries accountable –to each other and to the public– for meeting their targets.



The EU's contribution to the new agreement will be a binding, economy-wide, domestic greenhouse gas emissions reduction target of at least 40% by 2030.



For further information, please visit the relevant European Commission website: