Experts from 40 countries around the globe gathered at the high-level Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) International Forum that took place on 12-13 October 2015 in Rabat, Morocco, and came to the conclusion that the world is witnessing a major shift from action by few to action by all.
The participants -policy makers, high level government officials, expert organisations and lead voices from the academia, private sector and civil society- stated that countries' climate plans announced ahead of the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December reveal unparalleled efforts to tackle climate change. The intended climate action plans put forward by countries demonstrate governments' strong commitment to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. According to expert estimates, the proposed contributions mean that emissions would peak and start to decrease at global scale during the next decade. This represents progress, but falls short of what is needed to put the world on the most cost-effective pathway to the below 2°C objective.
As world leaders prepare for the final stretch before the Paris meeting, recognition of the need for a long-term goal and a dynamic approach to address the initial shortfall in effort increases. More awareness and action will be needed: global ambition level should be regularly revisited and strengthened to keep the world on track to avoiding dangerous climate change.
EU Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete said: "Countries have done serious work, approved at the highest political level, to design comprehensive climate strategies, many for the first time. This is unprecedented. The initial contributions on the table make a significant difference, but these alone will not be enough to keep global warming below 2 degrees. That's why in Paris we need to agree a long-term goal to guide our efforts, a process for taking stock of the progress made and raising ambition, and robust transparency and accountability rules. The new deal must show to the world that governments are united, determined and serious when it comes to fighting climate change."
The INDC Forum was organised by the European Commission, the Moroccan government, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The forum comes just before the last session of UN climate talks before Paris (Bonn, 19-23 October) and the publication of the UN synthesis report on the aggregate effect of countries' intended contributions (1 November).
For further information, please visit the relevant European Commission website: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-15-5835_en.htm