At the UN climate talks that took place in Bonn from 19-23 October 2015, the last official negotiating session before the Paris summit, some progress was made on the draft text for the new global climate agreement due to be adopted in December, but key issues still remain open.
On the first day of the session, concerns were expressed by many Parties on the draft text released by the co-Chairs of the negotiations in preparation for the session. However, negotiations during the session allowed countries to reaffirm their key positions and continue identifying areas of convergence and divergence. As a result, the reworked text is recognised by all Parties as a basis for the final talks, but keeps key political options open and still requires considerable further work ahead of and in Paris.
European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete said: "The package that we will work on in Paris is starting to take shape, but there are too many options on the table and many key issues remain unresolved. For the EU, the Paris agreement needs to include a clear long-term emissions reductions goal, robust transparency and accountability rules to lend credibility to countries’ targets, and a dynamic review mechanism to improve countries’ targets over time. On these key issues, this session allowed to reach much clearer options we can work with. We are still on track for a deal in Paris, but reaching a successful outcome will require continued engagement all the way through. What is needed now is the political steer to bring the process to the next level. The EU remains determined to work with everyone involved to ensure that the political momentum we are witnessing around the world will be brought into the negotiating rooms in Paris. It is our collective responsibility to deliver the ambitious, robust and binding climate deal the world deserves."
The European Union wants Paris to deliver a robust international agreement that fulfils the following key criteria. This agreement must:
- create a common legal framework that applies to all countries;
- include clear, fair and ambitious targets for all countries based on evolving global economic and national circumstances;
- regularly review and strengthen countries' targets in light of the below 2 degrees goal;
- hold all countries accountable –to each other and to the public– for meeting their targets.
The contribution of the European Union to the new agreement will be a binding, economy-wide, domestic greenhouse gas emissions reduction target of at least 40% by 2030.
For further information, please visit the relevant European Commission website: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/news/articles/news_2015102401_en.htm