The objective of this brochure is to present an overview of European actions undertaken in the field of energy efficiency. The introduction presents the main EC policies implemented and the past energy efficiency trends. The document then details an outline of the most illustrative measures implemented by end-use sector. Findings are described in 11 thematic chapters, each divided into three sections.
For each chapter, the first section presents the past trends of final energy consumption and energy efficiency, and describes the context and challenges of the sector. This analysis is complemented by a review of the main types of existing measures to highlight the actions most implemented in Europe. In the following two sections, two types of measures, selected among the most common and/or innovative ones, are described (e.g. chapters: ¨New Buildings: Towards Nearly Zero Energy Buildings¨ and ¨Retrofitting and Thermal uses in Residential Sector¨)
An additional chapter proposes an overview of energy management policies implemented by EU neighbors – Eastern (Russia, Ukraine…) and Southern Countries (Mediterranean) - particularly in the frame of the EC and MS cooperation actions.
This review of energy efficiency measures does not include all actions taken. In order to illustrate each chapter, specific thoughts are made on around thirty particularly interesting measures that have been chosen according to various criteria, such as their impact, the consistency of their implementation or their evaluation (see summary table at the end of the document). The analysis of measures relies mainly on the MURE database (see box below) and NEEAP. Trends in energy efficiency are illustrated thanks to indicators presented in the ODYSSEE database.