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Energy Efficiency Trends and Policies in the Household and Tertiary Sectors

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This publication includes the latest facts and trends in the area of energy in the household and tertiary sectors. More specifically, it performs a review of the evolution of the energy efficiency measures, both in structures of the household and services sectors and in the appliances and systems used in buildings, from approximately 2000. Also, it overviews the European policies and the national legislation related to energy efficiency and comments on their effectiveness, subject to the social and financial conditions.


Some of the key messages of the report on the energy efficiency trends in households, include the facts that the energy efficiency improvements for space heating and the diffusion of more efficient new electrical appliances have led to an improvement in efficiency of 1.8%/year at EU level since 2000, the energy consumption per dwelling has been decreasing by 1.5%/year at EU level since 2000 and space heating has improved steadily since 2000, by around 2.3%/year at EU level.


In the tertiary sector, energy consumption increased rather rapidly until 2008, and has been decreasing since the economic downturn, by 1.5%/year. The electricity consumption grows since 2008 but at a lower pace (1.1%/year, against +3%/year before), whilst the energy intensity of services has decreased in almost three quarters of the countries considered.


This publication was prepared within the ODYSSEE-MURE project coordinated by ADEME. The project is co-funded by the Intelligent Energy Europe Programme of the European Union.


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