Amending Directive 94/22/EC, Directive 98/70/EC, Directive 2009/31/EC, Regulation (EC) No 663/2009, Regulation (EC) No 715/2009, Directive 2009/73/EC, Council Directive 2009/119/EC, Directive 2010/31/EU, Directive 2012/27/EU, Directive 2013/30/EU and Council Directive (EU) 2015/652 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 525/2013
The proposal for a regulation on the governance of the Energy Union is part of the 'Clean Energy for all Europeans' package, issued by the European Commission on 30 November 2016. This package includes seven other legislative proposals to help deliver the EU 2030 climate and energy targets: reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % compared to 1990 levels; improvement of at least 27 % in energy efficiency; and production of at least 27 % of energy from renewable sources. A robust governance system for the Energy Union regulatory framework is deemed necessary to reach these targets as well as for long-term strategies for decarbonisation.
The proposed regulation seeks to ensure greater coherence between the legislative proposals in the Clean Energy package as well as other EU legal acts in the field of climate and energy, while at the same leaving flexibility to Member States to set targets according to their national circumstances. This is especially the case for energy efficiency and renewable energy targets for 2030, which according to the Commission proposals should only be made binding at EU-level, with no new binding targets foreseen at the level of Member States.
The main components of the proposed regulation are:
- Member States will have to adopt national integrated energy and climate plans, for the 2021-2030 period, by 1 January 2019. These are aligned to a consistent template and cover all five dimensions of the Energy Union, listing the policies and measures proposed to reach these goals.
- Commission will be issuing recommendations regarding the measures included in the plans, the level of ambition of objectives, targets and contributions; Member States should be taking utmost account of these recommendations;
- a consultation process between Member States and the Commission will include preparation of biennial progress reports by Member States on implementation of their national plans across the five dimensions of Energy Union; Commission will monitor and assess progress made by 31 October 2021 and every two years thereafter;
- Member States will prepare long-term low emission strategies with a 50 years perspective, in order to cost-effectively achieve long-term Paris Agreement goals;
- Member States will prepare biennial reports on climate change adaption planning and strategies, as well as annual reports on greenhouse gas inventories and support to developing countries, in order to comply with commitments undertaken as part of the UNFCCC Paris Agreement: national contributions registries will be established as foreseen by the Paris Agreement and will account for Member States’ contributions to UNFCCC goals;
- national and Union inventory systems for greenhouse gases emissions and measures will also be created; Member States will be regularly reporting to the Commission on their inventories and the Commission will collate the data and create the required EU-level inventory.
You can access the document at the relevant EUR-Lex webpage at the link below.