The brochure presents the results of the screening of National Energy Efficiency Action Plans and the survey on the implementation of energy efficiency policies in the EU. Besides analyzing overall governance framework and sector policies, this brochure is also a collection of good practices in energy efficiency.
Many Europeans have not yet recognized to a full extent the importance of energy efficiency. However, together with renewable energy, energy efficiency addresses three key policy topics at once: climate protection, energy security and technology leadership opportunities for European industry.
Knowledge, innovation and sustainability are core elements of the European strategy for the 21st century. In this respect, the EU is determined to build a resource-efficient Europe with the increased use of renewable energy sources, a modernized transport sector, energy-efficient buildings and products, and green technologies.
In the document “Europe 2020: A European Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth”, the European Commission has assigned an explicit role to a sustainable energy sector. The Commission estimates that reaching the 20% target for renewable energy by 2020 would create approximately 600,000 new jobs and together with the 20% target on energy efficiency over 1 million new jobs.
The Energy-Efficiency-Watch project was set up in order to support the implementation process of the Energy Services Directive which required EU Member States to present National Energy Efficiency Action Plans. This was a first step towards coherent energy efficiency policy packages in EU Member States. However, the Energy Services Directive itself had some obvious structural flaws such as the absence of a common methodology for calculation or a reporting template, and the lack of an ambitious energy savings target. Therefore, a new directive – the Energy Efficiency Directive – was adopted in 2012, which commits Member States to binding measures.
The Energy-Efficiency-Watch project followed the implementation of the first two action plans issued by EU Member States and collected valuable market feedback on the implementation of energy efficiency policies via surveys and bottom-up analysis .
Now we should study the lessons learnt from the implementation of the Energy Services Directive and apply them in the implementation of the new Energy Efficiency Directive.