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Living labs in zero emission neighbourhoods: Definition, ideas, and examples

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Living labs are user centred initiatives where knowledge production involves individuals or user groups affected by sustainable transitions. The FME Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods in Smart Cities (ZEN) has chosen living labs to secure user engagement and as a framework for the organisation of user involvement in pilot projects.


The report presents three main elements, firstly the ZEN understanding of what a living lab is and how it may be applied within a ZEN neighbourhood. Secondly, it offers examples of living labs that have inspired the ZEN use of the living lab concept, and thirdly, it provides insight into how user participation has already taken place within ZEN pilot neighbourhoods.