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Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives 2016: Cities, flexibility and pathways to carbon-neutrality

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The Nordic edition of the International Energy Agency's (IEA)'s global Energy Technology Perspectives 2016, offering detailed scenario-based analysis of how the Nordic countries can achieve a near carbon-neutral energy system in 2050. 


The report identifies opportunities for policy makers and the private sector in three strategic areas:


  1. incentivise and plan for a significantly more distributed, flexible and interconnected Nordic electricity system;
  2. ramp up technologies to decarbonise energy-intensive industries and long-distance transport;
  3. tap into cities’ positive momentum to strengthen national decarbonisation and enhance energy efficiency in transport and buildings. 

According to the report, the Nordic Carbon-Neutral Scenario (CNS) achieves an 85% reduction of Nordic energy-related CO2 by 2050 (from 1990 levels) at lowest total cost. This takes place in the context of the IEA’s global 2-degree scenario (2DS) and uses the same models and assumptions.


Of particular relevance to BUILD UP:


  • Building energy use per capita has continued to increase across the Nordic countries, despite energy efficiency measures over the last two and a half decades. Sweden is the one exception to this rule.
  • While direct fossil fuel use in the buildings sector in the Nordic countries has significantly decreased since 1990, significant effort is still needed to improve the overall energy intensity of buildings.
  • Nordic building energy demand is reduced by 27% under the CNS, compared with 2013, and average space heating energy intensities are improved by 55% as a result of aggressive energy renovations across existing building stocks along with low-energy intensity new building construction.
  • Urban buildings account for 70% of Nordic building energy reductions in 2050, with space heating demand reductions accounting for roughly 70% of urban building energy savings.
  • Urban building CO2 emissions go to zero in 2050 as a result of strong energy efficiency measures paired with decarbonisation of electricity and commercial heat production.
  • In Stockholm, moderate building efficiency measures, paired with carbon-neutral district heating investments, would lead to the greatest, most cost-effective energy and emissions reductions in 2050.
  • Buildings require the greatest relative increase in investments to achieve the CNS, followed by industry. Power entails a saving over the Nordic 4°C Scenario (4DS), while the system as a whole requires an increase of 10%.

To download and read the full report please click on the link provided below.