UK Climate Change Risk Assessment 2017: Evidence Report | Chapter 5: People and the built environment
Chapter 5 of the “UK Climate Change Risk Assessment 2017 Evidence Report”, produced by the Adaptation Sub Committee (ASC) of the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), summarises the available evidence regarding the key risks and opportunities of climate change for the UK population, focusing particularly on health and wellbeing, and on the built environment. This technical report covers both urban and rural UK populations and addresses how climate change risks are likely to vary by type of settlement as well by geographic region within the country. The chapter includes four sections: communities; buildings; the health and social care system; and population health and health protection, focusing on the main policy areas for managing climate risks in order to provide a more useful review of the evidence for decision-makers, consider interacting risks and trade-offs and also mirror the lead responsibilities of different government departments.
According to the report, higher temperatures will increase the risk of overheating in houses, schools, hospitals, care homes, prisons, and other types of buildings, leading to adverse impacts on health and thermal comfort. The proportion of dwellings experiencing overheating is very likely to increase with climate change. Housing policy needs to address large-scale refurbishment of the housing stock to reduce the burden of overheating to avoid additional impacts from climate change. There has been much work to determine cost-effective adaptation responses at the house scale, but scaling-up to population-wide changes to housing stock is a complex issue and guidance is needed. There is a need to combine mitigation and adaptation measures when promoting the implementation of energy efficiency and ventilation interventions.
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