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Selection of policy options for building renovation passports and analysis of related potential impacts

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Final report (Deliverable 6.2)

This study, commissioned and supervised by the European Commission’s (EC) Directorate-General for Energy (DG ENER), provides technical support to investigate the feasibility of introducing optional building renovation passports (BRPs) in the EU.  In particular, pursuant to Article 19a of the EPBD, this study evaluates the relevance, feasibility and potential impact of BRPs. This work is carried out in close consultation with stakeholders and in collaboration with leading experts, including IFEU and the Shift Project. As part of the consultation process, a first stakeholder meeting was organised in June 2019 and the second meeting in November 2019, where the content and suggestions of this report were discussed. In addition, 77 stakeholders from 22 countries completed an extensive survey on the concept of BRP and have been invited to provide written statements.


The EU faces multiple barriers to improving the energy performance of the existing building stock.


  • Problem 1: knowledge barrier - Our review of existing BRPs showed that the instrument can be effective in alleviating two of the main barriers to renovation: low awareness of the benefits of energy renovation and insufficient knowledge of what measures to implement and in which order.
  • Problem 2: financial barrier - The broad preference for suboptimal solutions hampers the long-term transition and makes the path to highly performing buildings more complicated.

The report presents the impact of six identified policy packages. Each policy package outlines a potential EU approach to the BRP. In this report, a thorough analysis of the potential impacts of each policy option until 2030, 2040 and 2050 is carried out. This analysis accounts for different scenarios based on the evolution of the building stock, renovation rates, the evolution of renovation practices, and possible additional supporting measures at EU and national level.


The objective is to analyse the potential impact of each policy package. This analysis encompasses a set of impact categories, including renovation rate, energy demand, triggered private investments, etc.

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