2016 assessment of the progress made by Member States in 2014 towards the national energy efficiency targets for 2020 and towards the implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU as required by Article 24 (3) of the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU
This European Commission report, accompanying the 2nd Report on the State of the Energy Union, describes in detail progress made in the area of energy efficiency in the European Union. It provides an assessment of the progress made up to 2014 towards reaching the 20% energy efficiency target for 2020 and towards implementing the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED). It includes several recommendations for Member States. Based mainly on Member States’ 2016 Annual Reports and the latest 2014 data from Eurostat, it builds on the Energy Efficiency Progress Report 2015.
The main findings of the report are as follows:
- The EU has made considerable progress over the last years. In 2014, its primary energy consumption was only 1.6% above its 2020 primary energy consumption target. Final energy consumption was even 2.2% below the 2020 target5. However, primary energy consumption increased by around 1.5% and final energy consumption by around 2% in 2015 compared to 2014 levels. (This is because 2014 was an exceptionally warm year. The 2015 figures are a reversion to the trend.)
- Member States are committed to implementing ambitious energy efficiency policies and increased their efforts in recent years considerably in all sectors.
- A decomposition analysis carried out for the EU-28 shows that the decrease in primary energy consumption from 2005 to 2014 was primarily due to an improvement in energy intensity. The downturn in the economy, changes in the fuel mix and structural changes played a comparatively minor role.
- Continued efforts are needed to renovate existing buildings in order to save energy and to reduce consumers' energy costs. For this reason, the financing conditions for energy efficiency investments need to be further improved in Member States.
- Most Member States should make further improvements in energy efficiency in the transport sector to exploit remaining energy-saving potentials.
More specifically for the building sector
As the analysis shows, most Member States reduced energy consumption per square metre on average in the residential sector in the period 2005-2014. However, climate corrected final energy consumption per capita increased for many Member States. As highlighted in the Clean Energy for all Europeans package, Member States should continue to focus on renovating existing buildings. This helps households to achieve the same or better levels of comfort for less money. ICT will play a crucial role in this respect by providing consumers useful toolkits to enhance their awareness about energy consumption, allowing them a smart management of their energy-consuming appliances in real time and preventing unnecessary energy consumption. In addition, more focused measures are needed to address fuel poverty effectively.
The report concludes that the Commission is optimistic that the 20% primary energy consumption target will be reached if Member States stick to their commitments and continue to implement existing EU energy efficiency legislation and successful energy efficiency programmes.
To download the report, please visit the relevant European Commission webpage at the link below.