A Study on Energy Efficiency in Enterprises: Energy Audits and Energy Management Systems

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Report on the fulfillment of obligations upon large enterprises, the encouragement of small- and medium-sized companies and on good-practice



This study provides an overview of the national implementation of Article 8 of the Energy Efficiency Directive across the EU-28, covering the situation for both large enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs).


The analysis is carried out from a policy-making perspective and describes the situation both at a Member State and an aggregate level as of late summer 2015. For this purpose, the analysis answers a set of key questions by combining the results of an extensive literature review with findings from more than 30 interviews with national experts.


The findings include a thorough review of the implementation in the Member States, the instruments used for addressing both target groups, as well as a description of challenges, recommendations and good practice approaches.


The study found that most EU countries have activated these rules for large enterprises. However, some countries are still in the process of transferring the EU rules into their national legislation.


The study also found that some EU countries provide financial incentives for some companies to carry out audits. Meanwhile, in many countries across the EU, national governments have set up information-providing events, helplines and online portals to exchange information and create tools to help companies implement the rules.


According to the study, some EU countries will carry out mandatory audits on large enterprises to ensure the rules are being adhered to; others will check a random sample of companies. Penalties for non-compliance range from €10 000 in Austria to €200 000 in Romania.


For smaller companies, the study found that financial support schemes are in place to help companies to carry out energy audits. In Germany, for example, the German SME Energy Consulting Programme provides up to 80% of the cost with a €8 000 ceiling.



To download the report, please use the link below.