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Synthesis Report on the National Plans for Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs)

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Progress of Member States towards NZEBs


This report is the result of a technical analysis of the nearly zero-energy building (NZEB) plans submitted by the Member States (MS) under Article 9 of the Directive 2010/31/EU (EPBD Recast), carried out by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in support of the Directorate General for Energy.


The current energy policy framework foresees a substantial reduction of energy consumption in buildings by 2020. The implementation of NZEBs from 2018 onwards represents one of the biggest opportunities to increase energy savings and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


The progress made by the MS towards the establishment of NZEBs has been evaluated based on the MS National Plans, templates developed by ENER, information from the EPBD Concerted Action (CA), Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAP), and National Codes. In relation to the definition of NZEBs, many aspects have been taken into account, such as building category, typology, physical boundary, type and period of balance, included energy uses, renewable energy sources (RES), metric, normalisation, and conversion factors. Ambitious plans and success stories have been highlighted, with special focus on high impact policies and measures designed to target residential and non-residential building retrofit to NZEB or deep renovation level. Intermediate targets have been assessed for new buildings and buildings occupied and owned by public authorities. A literature review is also provided in the last part of the report with a special focus on NZEB renovation and NZEB best practices.


The study highlights that progress can be seen in many MS in comparison with the previous Commission progress report. The current situation towards the establishment of applied national NZEB definitions has improved and consolidated, and systematic information has been submitted through National Plans and the ENER templates.


The study concludes that even though many MS have already introduced measures addressed to the existing building stock within national renovation strategies, there is still the need to further strengthen these measures to successfully stimulate cost-effective NZEB renovation in a forward-looking perspective.


To download the report, please visit the relevant JRC webpage: