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12 strategies to step up global energy efficiency

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Advice from three experts NGOs to IEA´s High-Level Commission on energy efficiency

Only a drastic reduction in global energy demand will allow an affordable manageable transition to a global energy system based on renewables and ambitious energy efficiency measures are key to meet sustainability goals. Global growth in energy use is largely outpacing decarbonisation and in 2018, primary energy intensity – an important indicator of how much energy is used by the global economy – improved by just 1.2%, the slowest rate since 2010.


Several general principles should serve as the foundation for energy efficiency policy according to the experts:

  • Energy sufficiency and limiting energy consumption
  • Benefits of energy efficiency are usually more valuable than energy savings
  • Strict energy performance requirements for products and appliances, buildings and vehicles
  • Proper design of buildings from the beginning
  • Track progress of energy efficiency measures
  • Unlock capital
  • Make energy utilities allies of energy efficiency
  • Understanding behavior and what drives energy consumption to develop effective energy policy
  • Circular economy
  • A fair energy transition
  • Energy efficiency and passive technologies can make energy affordable for all.


From these principles 12 recommended strategies are proposed.