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Analysis and results of energy efficiency policies in Italy

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ENEA is the National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, a public body aimed at research, technological innovation and the provision of advanced services to enterprises, public administration and citizens in the sectors of energy, the environment and sustainable economic development.


Following the guidelines of the measures contained in the Clean Energy for All Europeans package, presented at the end of 2016 by the European Commission, the 2017 National Energy Strategy (NES) confirms the key role of energy efficiency in Italian energy transition path. The NES aims to strengthen energy efficiency policies by facilitating the measures that have the best cost-effectiveness ratio in order to achieve 30% energy savings by 2030 compared to the expected consumption at that date.

Extensive additional energy efficiency investments are expected over the entire period: 110 billion euros out of the 175 overall which are expected to be spent over the period thanks to the NES. This amount of resources will result in a reduction in final energy consumption from active policies of around 10 Mtoe/year in 2030, equal to about 1 Mtoe of annual savings from new works in the period 2021-2030, to be mainly focused in residential sector, services and transport.

For the residential sector it is expected that there will be an expansion of works under the National Fund for Energy Efficiency, launched in March 2018 to support projects that require a high initial investment, stimulating their financing by banks. The NES also seeks to optimise the Ecobonus mechanism, and for this purpose the 2018 Budget Law has further developed the incentive system by adding new deduction rates as appropriate, new interventions and new technical and performance conditions, as well as significant changes to credit transfer which was extended to all taxpayers and for any project, and which may benefit suppliers who have carried out the work or other private parties with the option of subsequent credit transfer. With regard to this last point, the recent bulletin of May 2018 from the Revenue Agency clarified that the credit transfer must be considered limited to a single transfer subsequent to the original one, and that by "other private parties" must be understood parties other than suppliers, provided they are connected to the relationship that gave rise to the deduction.

Particular attention was also paid to public buildings through the continuation of the Programme for the Energy-related Renovation of Buildings of the Central Public Administration (PREPAC) in the period 2021-2030 and the definition of mandatory savings clauses in the contracts of energy services supplying the public administration.

The NES will be incorporated in the Energy and Climate Action Plan which, in the first formulation, Italy will send to the European Commission by the end of the year, which will also include the provisions of the 2017 National Energy Efficiency Action Plan in which the measures already implemented or planned for the achievement of 2020's targets were analysed, assessing their expected impact and the barriers that hinder their complete implementation throughout the country, and, therefore the achievement of the energy savings potential.


The Report was prepared by ENEA's National Agency for Energy Efficiency based on the information and data available as at 1 June 2018.

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