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Vollkostenvergleich Heizsysteme 2009 - Informationen für Verbraucher vom IE Leipzig

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This report from the Leipziger Institut für Energie (Germany) provides the detailed results of a study about the overall annual cost of different systems for heating and domestic hot water in German residential buildings (one and multi-family new or existing houses). The heating systems considered include gas, oil or wood pellets boilers, district heating, solar thermal water heaters, ground to water heat pumps and air to water heat pumps. Results show the overall costs and the corresponding annuities, with and without financial incentives. They also give information about the annual CO2 emissions of these different heating systems.