Heat Roadmap Europe 4 is a Horizon 2020 funded research project, with a consortium of 23 partners, running from 2016 until 2019. Its main goal is to study the heating and cooling sector in Europe by quantifying the effects of increased energy efficiency on both the demand and supply side, in terms of energy consumption, environmental impacts and costs.
HRE4 combines local thermal mapping and energy system analysis to show, not only the nature but also the impact that heating and cooling, which represents almost half the energy demand in Europe, has on our national energy systems.
By combining these two analysis, it is possible to develop and assess scenarios that are inherently decentralised, but on a large scale. So far, previous Heat Roadmap Europe studies have concluded that energy efficiency in the heating sector, which primarily includes heat savings in buildings, district heating in urban areas, and heat pumps and solar thermal in rural areas, will result in a cheaper, more local, and far more renewable heating and cooling sector in the future.
The aim of Heat Roadmap Europe 4 is to test and develop these ideas over the next 3 years. By looking at the 14 largest consumers of heating and cooling in Europe, will be developed country-specific Roadmaps and also be able to discuss the future of 85-90% of European heating and cooling demands.
Throughout the Heat Roadmap Europe projects, maps have been produced both at a European and at a national scale: the 4th Pan-European Thermal Atlas (PETA) covers the 14 EU countries that are part of the Heat Roadmap Europe project and together comprise about 90% of the EU's total heat market.
Peta 4.2, which is freely accessible, provides specific and realistic heat demand data relevant to energy planning:
- the classification of heat synergy regions, that can greatly facilitate in planning priorities to decarbonise across regions;
- the excess of heat and renewable energy sources;
- the access to a 100m-resolution grid portraying urban cooling demand densities;
- the areas’ heat demand densities;
Finally, in order to exploit these demands effectively, is now possible to pinpoint where would be the most cost-effective for implementing district infrastructure.
Navigate the map at http://www.heatroadmap.eu/peta4.php.