To meet the EU’s energy and climate targets for 2030, EU countries need to establish 10-year integrated national energy and climate plans.
The national energy and climate plans (NECPs) were introduced by the Regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action (EU)2018/1999, agreed as part of the Clean energy for all Europeans package which was adopted in 2019.
The national plans outline how the EU countries intend to address
- energy efficiency
- greenhouse gas
- emissions reductions
- research and innovation
This approach requires a coordination of purpose across all government departments and it provides a level of planning that will ease public and private investment.
Under the governance regulation Member States had to submit their draft NECPs for the period 2021-2030 to the Commission by 31 December 2018. These were analysed by the Commission with an overall assessment and country-specific recommendations published in June 2019. Taking these recommendations into account, Member States were then required to submit their final NECPs by 31 December 2019.
Each country must then submit a progress report every two years. The Commission will, as part of the state of the energy union report, monitor EU progress as a whole towards achieving these targets.
To better develop and implement the plans, the Member States were required to consult citizens, businesses and regional authorities in the drafting and finalisation process.
The governance regulation also required Member States to submit by the start of 2020 national long term strategies looking forward to 2050.
The table below links to the final integrated national energy and climate plans for 2021 to 2030, as submitted by Member States.
The plans that are still missing in the table will be added as soon as they are received.