Turkey’s building sector’s energy demand is growing rapidly, at a rate of 4.4% on average, effectively rendering it the one sector with the largest energy consumption among all end-use sectors, representing around one third of the country’s total final energy consumption.
The sector’s energy demand is characterised by a high share of gas and electricity use, with these two accounting for two-thirds of the sector’s total energy demand.
Turkey has put forward a comprehensive policy package over a period approaching two decades, covering various facets of buildings’ energy demand (e.g. National Energy Efficiency Action Plan - NEEAP released in 2018).
Even though the existing policy framework is well developed in terms of energy efficient technologies, the review identified a number of issues overlooked: the growing demand for cooling and the potential of renewable energy technologies (and thereby the synergies with energy efficiency) are not fully addressed, and should be developed further, to create a market and to ensure their application in buildings.
One major issue area stands out as overlooked concerns green buildings.
At the time of writing this report, the institutional deficit that stems from the lack of a dedicated agency working on energy efficiency was regarded as a key issue where such an agency could help coordinate and harmonise the efforts of all stakeholders, support various relevant departments within the public sector with specialist know how, and contribute to the effective dissemination of information.
It would also help enhance the buildings of the public sector as front runners of energy efficiency.
Filling these gaps would go a long way in accelerating energy efficiency improvements in Turkey’s building sector.
International models for such policies provide inspiration on ways to close these policy gaps, through, among others, efforts for potential financing mechanisms, approaches to renovating public buildings and multi-family buildings, standards and compliance mechanisms for driving nearly zero-energy buildings (and the definition of these buildings), and new business models linking innovation and industrialisation.